Biology Exam Preparation

IGCSE, O-Level, AS, A-Level
Complete course preparation
Topical presentation
Past-paper practice with every topic
Batch and one-on-one classes
2 classes a week
8 classes a month
1 hour each class
Cambridge | Pearson Edexcel | Oxford AQA
Biology classes.png
Biology Edexcel A level
Biology Edexcel A level

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biology igcse classes
biology igcse classes

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Biology A level cambridge
Biology A level cambridge

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Biology Edexcel A level
Biology Edexcel A level

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Our Teaching Methodology

  • In our classes we focus on Topical preparation and past-paper practice.

  • Past-papers are practiced with every topic preparation

  • Students get to learn how to answer the exam style question from the very first topic

  • Each lecture is recorded so the students can watch the lectures again for revision

  • Students are given A* notes to help them prepare

  • Students are given a welcome kit to make notes

  • Students are given additional resources

Welcome kit
Welcome kit

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Online lectures
Online lectures

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Class resources
Class resources

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Welcome kit
Welcome kit

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Biology course covered in classes

IGCSE & O Level

UNIT 1: CELL STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION. 

Chapter 1: The structure of the cell

At the end of this one-hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Enlist the differences between an animal cell and a plant cell. 

  • Describe the structure of the cell. 

  • List the organelles along with their function.

  • Draw the cell and calculate it’s magnification.

  • Discuss specialized cells. 

 

UNIT 2: DIFFUSION AND OSMOSIS.

Chapter 2: Diffusion and osmosis

At the end of this two-hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define Diffusion.

  • Define osmosis. 

  • Describe how osmosis takes places in plants

  • Describe osmosis in cells.

  • Define active transport. 

  • Explain the mechanism of active transport in root hair cells. 

  • Describe the role of active transport in glucose absorption

 

UNIT 3: ENZYMES.

Chapter 3: Enzymes.

At the end of this one-hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define enzymes. 

  • Explain their role as a biological catalyst. 

  • Describe the lock and key theory.

  • Explain how they work.

  • Understand the factors that affect enzymatic activity.

 

UNIT 4: PLANT NUTRITION.

Chapter 4: Nutrition in plants. 

At the end of this two-hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define photosynthesis. 

  • Elaborate the process of photosynthesis. 

  • Enlist the factors that affect photosynthesis. 

  • Explain the structure of the leaf.

  • Role of mineral ions in plants. 

 

UNIT 5: ANIMAL NUTRITION:

Chapter 5: Nutrition in animals. 

At the end of this two-hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define and explain the role of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. 

  • Describe the role of minerals and vitamins.

  • Discuss conditions related to malnutrition .

  • Understand the basic anatomy of the digestive track 

  • Identify the basic parts of the alimentary tract and explain their functions.

  • Explain the process of digestion

 

UNIT 6: TRANSPORT.

Chapter 6: Transport in plants. 

At the end of this two hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Be able to explain transpiration and translocation. 

  • Explain absorption from the root surface.

  • Describe the structure of the xylem and phylum.

  • Identify all the parts of the leaf and how it controls water loss. 

  • Describe the structure of phloem.

 

Chapter 7: Transport in humans. 

At the end of this two hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Describe the circulatory system. 

  • Identify the parts of the heart and state their functions. 

  • Describe the cardiac cycle

  • Describe the composition of blood.

  • Elaborate on  how the blood carries oxygen 

  • Explain coronary heart disease.

 

UNIT 7: RESPIRATION AND EXCRETION.

Chapter 8: Respiration.

At the end of this two hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define the process of respiration. 

  • Explain the basic anatomy of the respiratory system.

  • Discuss aerobic respiration.

  • Discuss anaerobic respiration in yeast.

  • Explain the breathing mechanism. 

  • Describe gaseous exchange at the alveoli.

 

Chapter 9: Excretion. 

At the end of this one hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define excretion.

  • Explain how Carbon dioxide is excreted.

  • Explain the basic anatomy of kidney and the urinary system.

  • List the composition of urine. 

 

UNIT 8: HOMEOSTASIS.

Chapter 10: Homeostasis.

At the end of this one hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define homeostasis.

  • Explain how the body maintains a constant temperature.

  • The structure of the skin.

  • Describe temperature control mechanisms. 

 

UNIT 9: THE NERVOUS AND SKELETAL SYSTEM.

Chapter 11: Coordination and response. 

At the end of this two hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Explain the role of nervous system. 

  • Describe the parts of a nervous system. 

  • Describe the different types of cells. 

  • Explain a reflex arc. 

  • Describe the structure and function of the brain. 

  • Describe the function and structure of the eye.

  • Describe the endocrine system.

  • Explain the function of adrenaline and pancreatic hormones. 

 

Chapter 12: Support, movement and locomotion. 

At the end of this one hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Explain the structure of a huma skeleton. 

  • Describe the structure of joints. 

  • Explain the planes of movement. 

 

UNIT 10: MICROBIOLOGY.

Chapter 13: Microorganisms and biotechnology. 

At the end of this one hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Describe the different types of micro-organisms. 

  • Explain their roles in decomposition. 

  • Describe their role in formation of yeast, cheese. 

  • Explain the process of fermentation. 

 

UNIT 11: HABITAT.

Chapter 14: The relation of organisms with one another and the environment. 

At the end of this two hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define ecosystems. 

  • Explain the concept of food chains. 

  • Describe the pyramids of numbers and biomass. 

  • Describe ecological cycles. 

  • Explain the relation between mosquitos and disease. 

  • List the effects of humans on the ecosystem. 

 

UNIT 12: GENETICS.

Chapter 15: Development of life.

At the end of this two hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Explain the two types of cell division.

  • Define and describe the process of mitosis. 

  • Define and describe the process of meiosis.

  • Describe asexual reproduction. 

  • Describe reproduction in flowering plants. 

  • Describe seeds and fruits. 

  • Explain the process of human reproduction. 

  • Explain the menstrual cycle and the development of a foetus. 

 

Chapter 16: Inheritance. 

At the end of this two hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Define chromosomes, DNA, RNA. 

  • Define alleles.

  • Explain the crosses for dominant and recessive genotype. 

  • Explain the basics of Mendelian genetics.

  • Explain codominance. 

  • Explain mutation and variation. 

  • Explain natural selection and basics of genetic engineering. 

 

UNIT 13: DRUG ABUSE.

Chapter 17: The use and abuse of drugs. 

At the end of this one hour lecture, a student should be able to:

  • Explain the role of antibiotics. 

  • Describe antibiotic resistance. 

  • Explain the effects of smoking. 

  • List and describe the harmful effects of other drugs of abuse.  

AS Level

UNIT 1: MOLECULES, DIET, TRANSPORT AND HEALTH.

TOPIC 1: Molecules, transport and health. 

At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • The classification of carbohydrates, 

  • The structure of different carbohydrates.

  • Lipids. 

  • Proteins. 

  • The circulatory system. 

  • The role of blood. 

  • Circulation In blood vessels. 

  • The mammalian heart. 

  • Atherosclerosis. 

  • Cardiovascular health and risk factors. 

  • Cardiovascular disease. 

 

 

UNIT 2: GENES, DEVELOPMENT, BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION.

TOPIC 2: Membranes, DNA, and gene expression.

At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • Cell membrane structure 

  • Transport across cell membrane. 

  • Active transport. 

  • Gas exchange system. 

  • Patterns of inheritance, 

  • Gene mutation. 

  • Cystic fibrosis. 

 

 

Topic 3: Cell structure, reproduction and cell structure. 

At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • Details of cell structure. 

  • Details of eukaryotic cells. 

  • Details of prokaryotic cells. 

  • Cell cycle. 

  • Meiosis. 

  • Mitosis. 

  • The process of reproduction.

  • Cell differentiation. 

  • Gene expression. 

  • Stem cell and stem cell technology. 

 

Topic 4: Plant structure and function. 

At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • Describe the plant cell wall. 

  • Plant organelles. 

  • The importance of minerals and water.

  • Plant based medicines.

  • Classification of the different kingdoms. 

  • Biodiversity. 

  • Adaption of a niche. 

  • Gene pool and genetic diversity. 

  • Conservation of species. 

A Level

UNIT 4: ECOLOGY, MICROBIOLGY AND IMMUNITY. 

Topic 5: Energy flow, ecosystems and the environment. 

At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • The process of photosynthesis in detail. 

  • Structure of chloroplast and chlorophyll. 

  • The biodiversity of photosynthesis. 

  • Ecology.

  • Ecosystem. 

  • Abiotic and biotic factors. 

  • Ecosystem interactions. 

  • Statistics and ecology. 

  • Transfer between trophic levels.

  • Net primary productivity. 

  • The carbon cycle. 

  • Green house gas and climate change. 

  • Topic 6: Microbiology, immunity and forensic pathology. 

  • At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • Microbiology. 

  • Bacteria and viruses. 

  • Replication of viruses. 

  • Microbial techniques. 

  • Bacterial culture and colonies. 

  • Tuberculosis. 

  • HIV. 

  • Non specific response of immune system. 

  • Specific response of immune system. 

  • Different types of immunity. 

  • Antibiotics.

  • Decomposition and forensic pathology. 

UNIT 5: RESPIRATION, MUSCULES, GENE TECHNOLOGY. 

Topic 7: Respiration, muscles and internal environment. 

At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • Cellular respiration. 

  • Muscles of movement. 

  • Different types of muscles.

  • Muscular contraction. 

  • Homeostasis. 

  • Control of heart and respiration. 

  • Homeostasis and hormones. 

  • Functions of the kidney. 

  • Topic 8: Coordination, response and gene technology. 

  • At the end of this lecture, student should know:

  • The nervous system and the neurons. 

  • Structure of nervous system. 

  • Detailed functioning of the nervous system. 

  • Coordination in animals and plants. 

  • The functioning of the brain. 

  • Recombinant DNA. 

  • Drugs from GMO.

  • Microarrays and bioinformatics.